Culture of Darjeeling
The word culture has a large connotation; it encompasses everything that human mind can produce or do. Languages, religions, customs, practices, social relationships, art, costumes as well as the behavioral pattern of any particular group constitute its culture. Although the Gorkhas are the majority now, Darjeeling is inhabited by number of ethnic groups, each of which retains its own set of culture even to this day. Hence, before we talk about culture of Darjeeling, we should talk about the different ethnic groups that have made the town their home.
Ethnic Groups in Darjeeling
- Darjeeling, which was formerly a part of Sikkim, was originally inhabited by a tribe called Lepcha. These were easy going people living on what nature endowed on them. In some quarter, they were also known as the Rongpa.
- The Khampas too are a branch of the Lepchas; but they are not at easy going. This warrior-like tribe however, is a recent immigrant from Tibet.
- The Bhutias too are much in evidence in Darjeeling. In spite, of the general perception, they actually migrated from Tibet in the 9th century. The race is further sub-divided into four ethnic sub-groups – Tibetan Bhutias, Sikkimese Bhutias, Butanese Bhutia and Dharma Bhutia.
- The majority of the people in Darjeeling belong to the Gorkha community. They are actually an offshoot of the Nepalese tribe of people and were originally brought by the British to work as laborers in the tea plantations. They are a hardworking and cheerful lot and have made their mark simply by hard and dedicated work. The world renowned Sherpas belong to this community.
- Beside the above four groups, one can see number of Bengalis as well as Anglo-Indians, Biharis, Chinese and Marwaris living permanently in Darjeeling. The Tibetan refugees too constitute a large part of the population. The impact of their culture can easily be felt on the cultural scene of Darjeeling.
Religions Practiced in Darjeeling
Languages Spoken in Darjeeling
Costumes and Attires of Darjeeling
Food in Darjeeling:
Music and Dance in Darjeeling:
Art in Darjeeling
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